Nitrous Oxide: Use and Safety
A Peer-Reviewed Publication Written by Ian Shuman, DDS, MAGD, AFAAID
In dentistry, nitrous oxide is the most commonly used inhalation anxiolytic and sedation adjunct. It reduces anxiety and pain, and memory of the treatment experienced. It is a valuable component of the armamentarium available to clinicians. When used correctly, it is predictable, effective, and safe.
The focus of this clinical study is to provide the dental professional with the steps needed to deliver nitrous oxide in a safe and efficacious manner. After reading this article, the reader should be able to:
1. Review the history of nitrous oxide
2. Understand the properties of nitrous oxide
3. Know the safety recommendations
4. Have the ability to deliver nitrous oxide in a safe manner and know the contraindications
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